If you’re looking for things to do in Edinburgh, St Giles Cathedral is a fantastic place to spend an afternoon. Located in the heart of Edinburgh on the historic Royal Mile, the cathedral is a stunning display of iconic Gothic architecture that takes over Edinburgh’s Old Town.
Because St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh is served by a minister and not a bishop, it’s technically a church and not a cathedral. This is why it’s also referred to as the High Kirk of Edinburgh, kirk meaning “church” in Scottish. However, it was a cathedral for a brief time in the 1700s!
King David the First had St. Giles built on the edge of Edinburgh in 1124 and there are still some foundations that date back to the 12th century today. It’s interesting to think that at one time, the colossal cathedral stood on the border of the city, strange to think that Edinburgh didn’t go beyond this spot.
The history of the Royal Mile and how parts of it used to be considered the end of the world is a story for another day. But the St. Giles Cathedral history tells a tale of ups and downs. Being defended from terrible raids and horrendous fires, the cathedral has been destroyed than built back up and renovated several times throughout its history.
Things to do at St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh
With a building steeped in so much rich, fascinating history, there are plenty of things to do during your visit to St. Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh. Spend the day discovering the cathedral’s compelling past and beauty as you walk through the historic grounds. While you wander around the atmospheric building, take the time to visit the memorials and light a candle. It will make your day even more special and memorable.
Spend time in Thistle Chapel
Constructed in 1911 for the Knights of the Thistle, Thistle Chapel is located in the southeast corner of St. Giles Cathedral. The beautiful chapel features a Neo-Gothic design with flowers, animals and heavenly figures carved into the wood.
The wonderful place is filled with hidden gems that you can easily spot if you know just where to look. There are three angels depicted playing the bagpipes hiding somewhere inside the chapel, each of whom symbolizes Scotland. Be sure to search out all three!
You should also find the pelican carved straight into the ceiling. The pelican is an old Roman Christianity symbol that serves as a gentle reminder for the many different religious phases St. Giles went through.
Handcrafted Gothic Chairs of Thistle Chapel
During your time exploring Thistle Chapel, be on the lookout for the handcrafted Gothic-style chairs dedicated to the 17 members of the Knights of the Order. Each chair is finished off with a carving of the Knights of the Order’s helmet and their coat of arms.
St. Giles Cathedral Architecture
If there’s one thing that lures people inside of St. Giles Cathedral, it’s the incredible architecture. Not only is the exterior absolutely stunning, but the inside is even more remarkable!
The striking Rieger organ stands tall between the many pillars and walls set with incredible stained-glass windows. Four central pillars are all that remains of the original chapel constructed in the 12th century. Be sure to gaze up at the impressive vaulted blue and white ceiling, enhanced with gold-leaf details inside both the cathedral and the chapel.
The Musical Bells of the Crown Spire
One of the most unique designs of St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh is the steeple topped with a 16th-century crown spire. What makes this stunning display of beautiful architecture even better? The musical bells tucked inside the spire.
The Impact of John Knox on St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh
John Knox played an integral part in St. Giles Cathedral’s history — it was strictly for Catholics until he stepped in and became the minister. John was responsible for the Scottish Reformation which converted people from Catholicism to Protestantism with the Presbyterian Church.
You can find a statue of John Knox to the left side of the nave and his grave in the parking lot (car park) of the High Court of Scotland behind the cathedral, under parking space number 23. I mean, he was a pretty important man to Scotland, so why not have his memory live on forever under a parking lot?
One really cool thing about the history of John Knox is his ties to dogs being allowed inside St. Giles Cathedral. John had a friend, John Craig, whose life was saved by dogs while he was overseas.
Although I’m not sure how he was actually saved, the story inspired John Knox so much that he allowed dogs inside the cathedral. They’re still permitted to roam inside the church to this day.
History is told through St. Giles Cathedral’s Stained-Glass Windows
St. Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh is covered in stunning stained-glass windows, many of which are donned with Scottish saints and authors who’ve had a big impact on Scottish history, like poet Robert Burns.
Visit the Memorials
St. Giles Cathedral is filled with memorials of historically important people who made big changes in St. Giles throughout the years, one of whom is author Robert Louis Stevenson.
As you walk around, you’ll see memorials to many other famous names from Scottish histories, such as the Marquis of Montrose and the Marquis of Argyll. They were two enemies involved in the National Covenant which they signed at the Greyfriars Kirkyard, the most haunted graveyard in Scotland. You can see a framed copy of the National Covenant inside St. Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh today.
Learn the History of St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh
St. Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh has been standing for 900 years, during which it has undergone many significant transformations in both design and religion. Once it was the neighbouring structure of Old Tolbooth Prison and was the storage location of Edinburgh’s guillotine!
The prison’s entrance is now marked by a mosaic of a heart located on the pavement just outside of the cathedral, better known today as the Heart of Midlothian.
St. Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh is a working Protestant church with four services each Sunday. The church also opens its doors at 6 pm for an evening of music. Be sure to check it out and get ready to be awe-struck by the wonderful acoustics the church offers. You can also pick up CDs in the church’s gift shop to remind you of your experience.
Take a Guided Tour of St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh
If you want to learn more about the history of St. Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh, be sure to stop by on Tuesdays and Thursdays at 14:30 for a guided tour. The tour costs £5.50 and it’s one that you definitely shouldn’t miss if you’re a history fan.
Book your tour here: St. Giles Cathedral Tours
If you’re not interested in booking a tour, St. Giles Cathedral always has volunteers milling around who are knowledgeable and will be happy to answer any questions you have.
Take a Rooftop Tour
I love taking tours because they often lead to places not normally open to the general public! When you take a rooftop tour, not only do you get to climb the clock tower of St. Giles Cathedral, you also get to see views of Edinburgh’s Royal Mile rarely seen by others!
Visit St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh
Hours: Saturday – 10:30-16:00 & Sunday – 13:30-16:00
Visiting St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh is free, but if you want to take pictures or enter Thistle Chapel there is a charge. If you want to book a tour be sure to book via their website here: Tours at St Giles Cathedral
Hours: High Street, Edinburgh, EH1 1RE (Next to the Mercat Cross)
Address: Monday – Saturday 09:00-17:00 & Sunday 13:00-17:00
Website: St Giles Cathedral
More Things to do in Edinburgh
- Excellent Things to do in Edinburgh
- Things to do in Dean Village in Edinburgh
- Climbing the Scott Monument in Edinburgh
- Things to do in Edinburgh: Surgeons’ Hall Museums
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