Witches in Scotland - The History of The Great Scottish Witch Hunt

Witches in Scotland

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Witches in the Forest

As the panic of witchcraft swept over Northern Europe, witches in Scotland were not something to be feared. Scotland had its fair share of healers and herbalists, however, these people (who were also known as witches in Scotland) weren’t seen as evil beings working with the devil.

Many of them were sought out to help people alleviate their ailments or in some cases to keep superstitious sailors safe at sea. This all changed when King James IV went to Denmark in 1590.

When sailing to Scotland, Princess Anne of Denmark (destined to take the throne next to King James VI) ran into an intense storm that almost capsized her boat. The unruly weather forced her to retreat back to Denmark.

Not wanting to lose his queen-to-be, King James headed to Copenhagen to retrieve Anne so they could make the journey back to Scotland together.

However, on the way, his ship was also met by vicious storms. When he finally arrived at Kronborg Castle in Denmark, he was swallowed up by the witchcraft hysterics which were rife throughout the country.

Check out the Everything is Spooky in the Dark Podcast Episode – Witches in Scotland

Witches in Scotland – Witch Hysteria

The witch hysteria which consumed Europe was largely due to a single book written by Heinrich Kramer called The Malleus Maleficarum – The Witch Hammer. This became something of a guidebook for capturing and killing witches.

During King James’ stay at the castle, two women were arrested for witchcraft. After much interrogation, they ultimately confessed to being responsible for conjuring up the storms that Anne’s ships ran into. They claimed Satan told them to do in order to murder her.

King James VI was terrified of suffering a violent death. He was convinced he was being tormented by witches.

Upon returning to Scotland, King James’ paranoia of witchcraft grew and with his increasing suspicions, he authorized the persecution and torture of all suspected witches as part of the Scottish witch trials, also known as the Great Scottish Witch Hunt.

Accusing Witches in Scotland

Those accused of being Scottish witches were generally healers, herbalists, midwives and poverty-stricken old women. People believed the witches of Scotland sank ships, injured and murdered innocent people, and brought famine and disease to Scotland.

Paranoia and superstition ran deep within Scotland, so much so that the Scots believed a woman’s body was at the height of vulnerability to bewitchment during childbirth. To avoid being bewitched, only the midwife and pregnant woman would be in the room during childbirth.

The midwife would tape up the windows and doors to keep the evil spirits out. Unfortunately, if the baby was stillborn or the mother had issues, the midwife would be accused of witchcraft.

History of Witchcraft and Witches in Scotland

Single stone in the middle of a dark field surrounded in moss. Witches in Scotland may have been executed at this site.
Witches Stone

Once James returned to Scotland, David Seaton (a deputy bailiff from a town near Edinburgh) started suspecting his housemaid, Geillis Duncan (also spelled Gillis Duncan) of witchcraft.

Thanks to the books and TV show Outlander, Geillis Duncan is now one of the most well-known witches in Scotland. Little do people know that the character in the books and show is actually based on one of the real witches in history.

Seaton claimed that Geillis would sneak out at night and suddenly obtained magical healing powers. This was enough proof of witchcraft for him and he proceeded to torture her to extract a confession.

The persecution was brutal and included thumbscrew torture, called pilliwinks. This involved slowly tightening a screw-like instrument to gradually crush the victim’s thumbs. Geillis refused to confess, so she was also tormented by wrenching — crushing her head with a rope.

After all this torture, Seaton found a “devil’s mark” on Geillis’ skin. She finally broke, confessed to witchcraft, implicated several others and spent a year in The Old Tolbooth Prison before she was executed.

The Scottish Witchcraft Act of 1563

Witchcraft became a capital offence in Scotland during the reign of Mary Queen of Scots, when the Scottish parliament passed the Scottish Witchcraft Act in 1563. This meant that the Scots could legally hunt, torture and execute people as witches.

Related Post: Top 10 Seriously Spooky Sites Around Scotland

Witch Torture and Witch Tests

As torture to obtain confessions was legal in Scotland, the torture endured by those accused was barbaric. It didn’t end with the horrific witch torture Geillis Duncan endured mentioned above.

Other methods included shackling accused witches to cell walls and refusing to let them sleep for days. This sleep deprivation would cause the victim to hallucinate until they became hysterical.

Many torture implements were used, such as the scold’s bridle — essentially a muzzle to hold the tongue in place and prevent an accused witch from speaking. Other torture methods include removing fingernails and piercing their cheeks and tongues with four-pronged iron forks.

Black and White Drawing of Sharp Pins used to prick Suspected Witches in Scotland
credit: wikipedia.com
Witch Pricking Needles

One of the most common witch tests in Scotland was known as witch pricking. This involved pricking the skin of suspected witches with a bodkin (a sharp needle). If the area did not hurt or bleed when pierced, it was deemed a sign of the devil’s mark — absolute proof that the suspect was a true witch.

The devil’s mark was thought to be branding issued by the devil to bind their deal as a commitment of servitude to Satan. If someone was discovered bearing the mark, it was considered a sure-fire sign they were a witch.

Many descriptions were given of the supposed devil’s mark. It could be anything as simple as a mole or skin lesion. Tattoos were also associated with the Pagan religion and largely considered devil’s marks.

Witches in Scotland were brutally punished. Records suggest nearly 4000 people were accused of witchcraft in the country, with 2/3 of those being executed.

Scottish Witch Confessions

Suspected witches in Scotland all confessed to witchcraft before facing the ultimate punishment of death. Why would any of these innocent people confess to something they weren’t responsible for?

Confessing, whether or not they were guilty, was the only way they could put an end to the suffering forced upon them on a daily basis. It’s also possible some suspects genuinely believed what they were being told was true, even though they thought they were innocent before the torture began.

Others likely gave false confessions to put an end to the horrendous torture those accused of being Scotland witches were made to endure.

Were Scottish Witches Burned at the Stake?

Woman being burned at the stake

After people were accused and tortured, innocent witches were then sent to witch trials in Scotland. Unlike most criminal trials, the Scotland Witch Trials permitted the torture of suspected witches for as long as possible to extract a confession.

Accusors were even known to bring in children as character witnesses. Those accused of witchcraft were always found guilty and ordered to suffer one final punishment. Death.

Witches in Scotland were burned at the stake. And as brutal as this is, the executors had at least some sympathy and strangled the accused to death first.

The idea was that, even after death, the witches were still a threat and their bodies could be possessed by the devil if they weren’t set aflame.

Accused witches were also executed by placing them in wooden barrels studded with nails, before pushing the barrels down the cobbled road of the Royal Mile. Once the barrel stopped, it would be lit on fire, ensuring the witch inside was definitely dead.

Witch pools were also used. These were places where suspected witches were lowered into the water in ducking stools.

If the suspect drowned, it meant they were innocent and would go to heaven. If they lived, it confirmed they were witches and they’d suffer more torture and torment before being burned at the stake.

Witches Well in Edinburgh Scotland
Witches Well in Edinburgh

Witchcraft Act 1735 – Witches in Scotland

In 1735, the Parliament of the Kingdom of Great Britain passed a law making it a crime in Scotland to accuse any other human being of possessing magical powers or practising witchcraft. This new law abolished the hunting and executions of witches in Scotland.

Historical Witchcraft Places to Visit in Scotland

Calton Hill – Edinburgh

Edinburgh Skyline at night from Calton Hill - overlooking the city full of spooky, scary and haunted attractions.

Calton Hill was one of the locations where witches were burned at the stake. One of the most high-profile innocent witches was Janet Douglas, Lady Glamis of Glamis Castle. Evidence against her was found by torturing her servants who confessed that their mistress was involved with witchcraft.

Janet was tortured and on July 17th, 1537, she was burned at the stake on the north side of Calton Hill. She was executed even though she was of noble blood, therefore, proving no one was safe.

Despite its gruesome past, Calton Hill now hosts the annual Beltane Fire Festival and was also the location of Edinburgh’s Hallow’s Fair Festival in the 1800s.

Address: Calton Hill, Edinburgh EH7 5AA, UK

Castle Hill – Edinburgh

The Witchery by the Castle in a rainy evening
The Witchery by the Castle

With such a sordid past when it comes to witches, it’s easy to come across a site associated with Scottish witchcraft in Edinburgh. But Castle Hill stands out in particular, for all the wrong reasons. The spot, next to Edinburgh Castle, is where more witches were burned at the stake than anywhere else in Scotland.

Today, the location is occupied by a pub and hotel called The Witchery by The Castle, which got its name from Edinburgh’s witchcraft history.

Most of the Witches in Scotland were burned on Castle Hill

Edinburgh witches were commemorated with the Witches’ Well, constructed in 1894.

The tiny memorial has a plaque attached to it that reads, “This Fountain, designed by John Duncan, is near the site on which many witches were burned at the stake. The wicked head and serene head signify that some used their exceptional knowledge for evil purposes while others were misunderstood and wished their kind nothing but good. The serpent has the dual significance of evil and of wisdom. The foxglove spray further emphasizes the dual purpose of many common objects”.

Book here: The Witchery at the Castle

Address: 352 Castlehill, Edinburgh EH1 2NF, United Kingdom

Related Post: Dark Tourism Sites Around Edinburgh – Spooky, Scary and Haunted Edinburgh Attractions

Princes Street Gardens – Edinburgh

Ross Fountain - cast iron fountain with the view of Edinburgh Castle in the background
Ross Fountain in Princes Street Gardens

Once home to the vile sewage-filled Nor’ Loch, Princes Street Gardens is where witches were rumoured to endure dunking. The accused witch would have her toes and thumbs bound together before she was tied to a stool and dunked in the loch.

Some people say this kind of torture of witches in Edinburgh never happened. But others argue that many suspected witches were drowned in the loch. If they didn’t die in the water, they’d be tortured and burned at the stake afterward.

Address: Princes St, Edinburgh EH2 2HG, United Kingdom

Witches Coven – Niddry Street Vaults – Edinburgh

If you take a ghost tour with Auld Reekie Tours in Edinburgh, you can step below the city streets and explore the Niddry Street Vaults. These vaults were once a breeding ground for criminals before one vault was transformed into a genuine witches’ temple used by Edinburgh Witches.

Although the Source Coven of the Blue Dragon no longer uses the vault today because of safety reasons, the vault is still intact, so you can see what it looked like when it was used by real witches.

Address: 45 Niddry St, Edinburgh EH1 1LG, United Kingdom

Book here: Visit the Witches Coven with Auld Reekie Tours

Related Post: Spending a Night in the Edinburgh Vaults

Heart of the Midlothian – Edinburgh

The Heart of the Midlothian - a heart made of bricks on the brick pavement marks the site witches in Scotland stayed at in the Old Tolbooth Prison
The heart marks the former entrance of the Old Tolbooth Prison

Along the Royal Mile on the pavement next to St. Giles Cathedral and the Mercat Cross sits the Heart of Midlothian.

This heart marks the former entrance of Tolbooth Prison, where Edinburgh witches were held until their trials and executions. Geillis Duncan spent a whole year at Tolbooth Prison waiting to be executed for being a witch.

This part of Edinburgh also features another site associated with executions. If you walk up the Royal Mile towards David Hume’s statue and Deacon Brodies Pub, you’ll see golden bricks directly across the street from the Hume statue. These bricks mark the spot where people were hanged for witchcraft, amongst many other crimes.

Address: High St, Edinburgh EH1 1RE, United Kingdom (Just outside of St. Giles Cathedral)

Edinburgh Dungeons – Edinburgh

A show called “The Witches’ Judgement” lets you briefly meet Agnes Finnie — a real witch accused of witchcraft in 1644. The interactive show gives you the chance to see what it was like to be accused of witchcraft back in the day.

A visit to the Edinburgh Dungeons is a funny, over the top experience, rather than a place where you can learn about actual history. If you go with the mindset that you’re there for a fun trip into some of the insanities in Scotland’s dark past and nothing more, you’ll have a great time.

Address: 31 Market St, Edinburgh EH1 1DF, United Kingdom

Book here: Edinburgh Dungeons Entrance Tickets

Related Post: Spooky Travels around Scotland

St. Magnus Cathedral – Orkney

St. Magnus Cathedral in Orkney with old weathered gravestones in front of the towering red/brown cathedral
St. Magnus Cathedral in Orkney

Orkney first believed in witchcraft and supernatural creatures following the arrival of the original Norse settlers in the 8th century.

These islands shrouded in superstition were where sailors and fishermen used to buy favourable winds from a local witch, Bessie Miller.

The winds they’d purchased were filled with boiled water and charms and sold for sixpence. Before long, witch hunts began throughout the Scottish mainland and spread out to Orkney, stopping her practice.

To see where most of the Orkney witch trials took place, visit the St. Magnus Cathedral in Kirkwall

You can also visit Gallows Ha’, a place of brutal executions that now features a stone memorial honouring the victims of the witch trials.

Address: Broad St, Kirkwall KW15 1NX, United Kingdom

Book a tour of Orkney here: From John O’Groats: Orkney Islands Day Trip

St. Andrews Old Kirk – North Berwick

St. Andrews Old Kirk in North Berwick - Old white building with steeped roof, open door.
St. Andrews Old Kirk in North Berwick

After King James VI returned from Denmark, he was met by incriminating stories of witches infiltrating Scotland.

Upon hearing this, he decided he had to kill the witches before they got him and became deeply involved in the initial trials which led to the North Berwick Witch Trials.

The North Berwick Witch Hunt occurred after Agnes Sampson, a midwife from Edinburgh, confessed to witchcraft directly in front of James VI. She claimed her coven met in North Berwick and they had summoned the storm to prevent Anne of Denmark from arriving in Scotland.

Why would Agnes confess to such a crime if she wasn’t guilty? The torture and torment of innocent men and women were so horrible that death was a welcome escape.

North Berwick, sometimes referred to as East Lothian, became the setting for the torture and execution of 100-200 suspected witches. St. Andrews Old Kirk, which sits near the coast, just up the path from the Scottish Seabird Centre, was the favourite place for witches to summon storms. Just outside the kirk, you’ll find witches’ cauldrons now used as decorative flower pots.

Address: 27 Victoria Rd, North Berwick EH39 4JL, United Kingdom

Gallows Green – Paisley

The Paisley Witch Trials (also known as the Bargarran Witch Trials) were the last witch trials in western Europe. A total of 35 people were accused of witchcraft and 7 people were executed in Paisley as a direct result of one girl named Christian Shaw.

Christian accused one of the Shaw family servants, Catherine Campbell, of stealing a glass of milk. According to the Christian, the servant cursed her and called for the devil to haul her soul through hell.

After coming into contact with Paisley resident Agnes Naismith (an elderly woman already rumoured to be a witch) Christian was seen having violent fits and pulling out her hair. Christian’s doctor couldn’t find anything physically wrong with her, so he concluded she was bewitched.

Before her death at Gallows Green, Agnes Naismith cursed the crowd and whenever tragedy hit the area, the town blamed the witch’s curse.

Visit the site of the Paisley executions and the Paisley Witch Memorial at Gallows Green. You’ll find the memorial where the remains were buried at a crossroad junction at Maxwellton Street and George Street. The memorial is a cement and bronze circle (almost like a manhole) with a horseshoe placed on top.

Address: Gallows Green and the Intersection of Maxwellton Street and George Street

Kirk of St. Nicolas – Aberdeenshire

Kirk of St Nicholas - a large church with a clock towner in the center and a cemetery in the foreground

A place where witch hunts were particularly gruesome, the 15th-century Kirk of St. Nicholas was a prison for accused Scottish witches.

Archaeologists excavated the east kirk of the church in 2006-2007 and discovered the remains of over 2000 people.

Many of these people were buried during the Great Scottish Witch Hunt. St. Mary’s Chapel in Aberdeenshire was used as a prison for suspected witches.

Inside, you’ll find a ring attached to a stone pillar, once used to chain witches to the wall.

Address: Union Street, Aberdeen AB10 1JL, United Kingdom

Auldearn Witches – Isobel Gowdie

Auldearn, the tiny village between Inverness and Aberdeen, is home to one of Scotland’s most famous witches, Isobel Gowdie. Rumour says that Isobel admitted to witchcraft without being tortured.

Isobel, with a vivid imagination, recalled the Scottish folklore-like tales of her meetings with the devil, her coven flying around Auldearn on flying horses, shapeshifting into animals and meeting with the royal family of fairies.

Did witches in Scotland sometimes appear as fairies?

Isobel’s imaginative stories of witchcraft, her coven and fairies inspired musicians, poets and writers to create magically artistic works. You can listen to the song “The Confession of Isobel Gowdie” by James McMillan to get a feel of how she influenced so many artists.

The kirkyard in Auldearn is the alleged meeting place of Isobel and the devil. Auldearn was also the location of the 1645 Battle of Auldearn, where a fight between the Scottish Covenanter army and the English Parliament took place.

Address: Nairn IV12 5JX, UK

Brahan Seer Monument – Chanonry Point – Fortrose

Chanonry Point - blue coastal waters with a white light house in the distance
Chanonry Point with beautiful views of the Moray Firth

Brahan Seer (also known as Kenneth Mackenzie or Coinneach Odhar — the Scottish version of Nostradamus) was cursed with the gift of sight. He was known for predicting many of Scotland’s tragedies, including the Battle of Culloden.

History says that Brahan was accused of witchcraft, however, there are no historical records to confirm he was tortured or executed. There isn’t even any real proof that he ever existed. But the stories of his prophecies have become ingrained in Scottish legend and folklore.

Today, you can visit his monument on Chanonry Point, overlooking the Moray Firth where people go to view dolphins.

Address: Fortrose IV10 8SD, United Kingdom

Bo’ness – Falkirk

Around 200m south-west of where the original Carriden Church stood is the “Witches Stone”. This site is believed to be where those accused of witchcraft were burned at the stake in Bo’ness.

Address: 6 Carriden Glade, Bo’ness EH51 9LU, United Kingdom

St. Andrews Cathedral – St. Andrews

St. Andrews Cathedral in St. Andrews Scotland. Beautiful ruins towering over a grassy graveyard filled with several weathered tombstones.
St. Andrews Cathedral

Known as Witch Hill, the hill off North Street in St. Andrews is where witches were tied from toe to thumb and cast off into the tidal pools far below the cliffs in an area now known as Witch Lake.

If the women drowned, they were innocent. If they survived, they were carried up to Witch Hill and burned at the stake.

Fife was the site of famous Scottish witches Margaret Aitkin, The Great Witch of Balwearie, Lilias Adie and The Pittenweem Witches.

Soon their memories will be honoured in the Kingdom of Fife with The Beamer beacon – a 200-year-old lighthouse soon to be rebuilt at Torryburn as a memorial to the innocent lives lost during the witch trials.

If you’re a fan of ghost tours, check out The Original St. Andrews Witches Tour to learn all about witchcraft in Scotland and the terrible fate met by many during the Great Witch Hunts of Scotland.

Address: The Pends, St Andrews KY16 9QL, United Kingdom

Daemonologie (Demonology) – The Book about Witchcraft by King James

In addition to the original book of witchcraft, The Malleus Maleficarum – The Witch Hammer by Heinrich Kramer, King James also wrote a book about witchcraft called Daemonologie.

The primary idea behind the book was to ensure people believed that witchcraft was real. But it was also designed to make sure suspected witches in Scotland were properly examined, so as to avoid convicting innocent people based on superstition alone.

However, most people misunderstood the book and used it as a guide for torturing and executing witches throughout Scotland instead.

Throughout history, several other books were written about witches in Scotland and The Great Scottish Witch Hunt. Check out my recommendations below for further reading.

Dark Tourism and Witches in Scotland

The torment and torture of witches in Scotland fall under the realm of dark tourism. Dark tourist sites exist around the world to help educate people about the atrocities that occurred in the world.

These things did happen in the past, and as horrible as they may be we must learn from them. We must never forget about the innocent lives lost. The witch memorials located around Scotland commemorate and honour the memory of the people affected by a different time.

Looking for more Dark Tourism blog posts? Check out the Dark Tourism section on the blog.

Modern Witchcraft Celebrations in Scotland

Beltane Fire Festival – Edinburgh

Woman in white decorated in flowers at the Beltane Fire Festival on Calton Hill
Beltane Fire Festival on Calton Hill

I went to the Beltane Fire Festival when I first moved to Edinburgh and experienced a world of chaos, excitement and confusion one April evening on the side of Calton Hill. Some people had their faces and bodies painted, while others were dressed up in colourful outfits and balancing fire.

The festival began to celebrate the return of fertility of the land when a fire was seen as a purifier and healer. Just as they did when it first began, today people dance around and jump over fires to symbolize casting out darkness and embracing the light. In continuance, the start of summer is celebrated by lighting a huge bonfire.

Witches in Scotland – Harry Potter

Edinburgh was the place where British author J.K Rowling wrote the hugely successful book series about wizards and witches – Harry Potter. Various locations throughout the city inspired J.K. Rowling. These sites are visited by people from all over the world. How times have changed!

Descendants of Witches in Scotland

Do you have Scottish ancestry or want to find relatives that were associated with witchcraft in Scotland?

The University of Edinburgh recently released this incredible witch database that shows the names of witches, where witch executions took place and forms of torture. Check it out for more information! It is an incredible source of information for those looking for their Scottish witch ancestors.

Other sources for finding out about your ancestors in Scotland is the Wellcome Library. All of the witches’ names from the 1600s were recently released to the Wellcome Library, who are working with Ancestry.co.uk to help families interested in tracing back their ancestry to the time of the Great Scottish Witch Hunt.

Looking for more Witch History? Check out the post for The History of the Salem Witch Trials

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Comments 24

  1. Very interesting Crystal.
    I’m glad times have changed, it must have been terrible times for people accused of witchcraft.
    Harry Potter books are the best!

    1. Post
      Author

      Agreed! I am glad that Scotland eventually made the Witchcraft Act that prevented people from accusing just anyone of being a witch. They definitely have put up a lot of memorials honouring the memory of those who died during the witch trails. Terrible – but glad they learned from their history. Yes – love Harry Potter!

  2. I didn’t realise Scotland had so much witch history. I know there was a big problem with it in Europe (and of course New England), I just never associate it with the UK. So this was certainly an enlightening piece!

    It always baffles me the ways they tested for witches. I always felt like if someone really WAS a witch, they could just get out of it – you know, supernatural powers and all that. But also, old torture devices are INSANE. We’ve certainly never struggled to create inventive means of hurting each other. Took thousands of years to invent electricity, but peeling skin, we’ve got that covered…

    Also, this is the most compelling reason I’ve ever been given for visiting St Andrews…

    1. Post
      Author

      Yeah – it’s crazy how much witch history is scattered all around Scotland. So many memories to the people who died. The country definitely feels sorry for how they treated all of those people back in the day. The witch pricking is just awful – also how can you react with so much pain when they start pricking your entire body? Eventually you will be exhausted and thats when they will get you. Witch! That is one thing us humans are good at – torturing each other.

      So, you mean golfing at St. Andrews never appealed to you? hahaha well I am glad I inspired you to visit St. Andrews for something other than golf.

      1. Weirdly golfing at St Andrews isn’t my thing…

        So I like how I said I didn’t associate the UK with witchcraft then wrote an entire post about witchcraft in East Anglia cause, you know, selective memory.

  3. Very informative article Crystal ..and i want to visit all those places now and attending that festival must be so cool …great read … Zarina

    1. Post
      Author

      Yeah, the festival was really cool. It gets busier and busier each year! It’s quite the experience. I would recommend attending at least once.

  4. Great post Crystal! I never knew that Scotland had all this creepy history.

    I feel so sorry for these women, what horrific treatment! I agree with Cultura Obscura too, I could never work out why people thought these ‘tests’ would actually work if the women were witches, if it were me I would definitely turn them into frogs (at the very least)!

    I will definitely be checking these places out when I make it to Scotland. I am determined to go this year!!

    1. Post
      Author

      Thanks Sheree! Scotland is full of so much creepy history – it’s great! I would also 100% use my witch powers to get out of the torture if I was a witch! So stupid that they would torture people with no proof and expect people to react a certain way. Barbaric for sure. I hope you make it to Scotland this year!

  5. Girl, I would love to go to the Beltane Fire Festival! That sounds so interesting and with my love for makeup/dressup, I’m sure that would be a great time! I guess for now I’ll just stick to using my palos santos to cleanse myself instead of jumping over fires there.

    1. Post
      Author

      Yeah! I had no idea what I was stepping into. All I knew was it was some festival on Calton Hill and my new friend invited me so I went. It was intense and so cool! You should definitely go someday. It gets better and more popular each year – someday in the future you will go!

  6. Hi Crystal, what a fascinating bit sad part of Scotland’s past. I’ve always held a fascination of Scotland and would love to get there one day, I live in Australia.

    I do have a question, did they ever test for male witches or warlocks? I’m sure with all the druids etc in Scotland’s past there must have been male witches too so I was just wondering if it was only the women who were persecuted?

    1. Post
      Author

      Hello Angela! Yes – there were several males that were also prosecuted in the same way that women were in Scotland. There were far less men than women accused and prosecuted. I hear that it was about 75% women and 25% men who, as you said, were accused of being warlocks or partaking in suspect traditions.

      Hope you make it to Scotland someday! It will definitely be worth the trip.

  7. Holy cow, I think I am a little behind on your blog posts.

    I love your homepage, by the way. It’s changed a little bit since pre-Baltics, and can I just say that I LOVE IT!!! All of the icons, wording, and feel are just so spooky niche perfect and utterly WONDERFUL. I definitely think that Pip-mess was a blessing in disguise…even though I am still trying to recover.

    I actually did not realize that healers and herbalists were considered witches in Europe until I started reading “Books Set In” places. There is mention of these beliefs for Iceland (Burial Rites) and Lithuania (The Warrior Maiden). I guess I never considered Scotland to be a part of this condemnation. Growing up, I definitely thought New England only had a witch craze (but that is because I lived there).

    Of course, I love the modern day HP tie in!

    1. Post
      Author

      Thank you! I’m slowly working on it, getting it the way that I want. It definitely was a blessing in disguise! Although, as you know with the editing of that leaf out of your header – it can be super frustrating trying to figure stuff out. I think it’s making us all a little more tech savvy though!

      Yeah – they weren’t always thought of as witches though! It was really that damn King James and his paranoia that screwed over so many of these people. I also only really knew about the Salem Witch Trails from my youth. I became pretty invested in learning about them after reading The Crucible – I mean how could you not?! I still need to read Burial Rites! I really think I would enjoy that book!

      And yeah! Always have to mention HP when talking about witches! Although there was definitely some crazy controversy about witchcraft and HP when it came out. You’d think in this day and age people wouldn’t be so concerned over an entertaining book.

  8. I really enjoyed your website and plan to visit again and purchase your book. I had discovered that I am supposed to have had an ancestor in Scotland by the name of Isabella Hill who was wiccan. I was wondering if you know of a registrar where I could look and see if she is listed. Thanks for any help.

    1. Post
      Author

      Thanks Melinda! I looked further into it and all of the Scots Witches names from the 1600s were released to Wellcome Library (https://wellcomelibrary.org/) and Ancestry.co.uk. Definitely look at both of those sites and see what you can find! Good luck! I hope you find the information about Isabella Hill. Keep me posted!

      1. The names released into the Wellcome library and Ancestry were the names of all accused and tried of Witchcraft,,not actual witch families [as back then you could be accused for numerous reasons eg having a mole]. If you are of witch descent you would know, think back to the ‘superstitions’ of your grandparents, songs they sang to you, magic cream they put on your skinned knee, books they left etc. Lots of the witch families thankfully survived the trials and are still passing down knowledge today. Instead of looking online you would be better looking in your family attic!
        I hope this helps,
        Elaine.

  9. Does anyone know story about witches being drowned in stream behind the Royal in glasgow city centre tre

    1. Post
      Author

      I will look into it and get back to you! I am just updating this post now and should get an updated version out in the next few weeks.

  10. I should look up my Scottish ancestry and see if I can find any witches in my past.
    Really interesting blog.

    1. Post
      Author
  11. In general, I feel like witches in Europe were definitely a lot of herbalists, which is crazy. The entire story, Burial Rites, comes to mind for that one and some of the children’s fiction books that I have read. I’m not sure why, but that just seems wild to me. Like out of all the ‘bad’ things you could do…

    Gah, I still have never seen or read Outlander. I need to add that to my list.

    P.S. Your pins are blazing on this post. I gotta catch up on your awesome podcasts too–I really want to listen to this one.

    1. Post
      Author

      I still haven’t read Burial Rites! I really need to get on that! I find it odd how it’s like these herbalists and healers are great and you go to them if you are ill…. but if they can HEAL YOU people freak out because that is bad and evil? I mean, I know its because they thought that if these people can heal that they can also hurt but still. So silly. The witch history podcast is my favourite one so far! I hope you like it!

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