The Pros and Cons of Living in Scotland Header

The Pros and Cons of Living in Scotland

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There are so many positive points to living in Scotland. It’s the perfect country for almost everyone looking to move somewhere new. It’s truly an incredible place for foreign workers, whether you visit as part of your gap year with a working holiday visa, as a student studying at one of the universities or even if you’re just looking for a new place to live within the European Union.

Before you make the move, it’s wise to investigate the pros and cons of living in Scotland. There are always two sides to everything and while Scotland has its fair share of cons, the pros definitely outweigh them.

Here’s my list of the pros and cons of living in Scotland, regardless of whether you’re planning on moving to Glasgow, Edinburgh or anywhere else in the beautiful country.

Living in Scotland — Pros and Cons

Callanish stones at sunset - Pros and Cons of Moving to and living in Scotland is seeing beautiful landscapes like the circle of stones at sunset

Living in Scotland: Pros

Opportunities

Scotland, in particular, the big cities like Edinburgh and Glasgow, has many job opportunities for foreign and temporary workers. You can find positions in hotels, hostels, offices, pubs and (in my opinion, the coolest places to work!) tourist attractions. The Scottish job market is incredibly welcoming to people from other counties — they embrace us with open arms.

Want to know how to work in Scotland? There are several jobs in Scotland for expats, but you have to get a work visa before you can start. Alternatively, you can find temporary jobs through Scotland’s job agencies, which sometimes provide accommodation in conjunction with employment. 

There are loads of temporary job opportunities for foreign expat workers looking for ways to earn as part of a working holiday in Scotland. I went through a few temp agencies before ultimately deciding I wanted to work at one of Edinburgh’s major attractions. I think visitor attractions are the best places to work on a working holiday in Scotland, but plenty of people also apply for jobs in pubs, hotels, hostels and general retail.

Related Post: How to apply for a UK Working Holiday Visa

Job agencies in Scotland

Temporary Job Agencies:

Farm work:

Be sure to check out the websites of places you’d love to work to see if they’re advertising any career opportunities you can take advantage of. If they don’t have any job postings, it’s still worth sending a CV to their HR department just in case something pops up.

Related Post: What it’s Like Working at Edinburgh Zoo

People

One thing I noticed the moment I stepped onto Scottish soil was how lovely, friendly and inquisitive Scottish people are. I had to ask for a lot of help when I first moved to Edinburgh and everyone stopped to help me, no matter what they were doing.

When I moved into my first flat with strangers I’d never before met, they offered to pick me up from the train station and take me to the grocery store once I’d settled in. When I started working, all my co-workers invited me out, treated me wonderfully and really made me feel part of the team.

Landscape

Scotland is home to some of the most stunningly beautiful landscapes in the world. No matter where you are in Scotland, you never have to go too far to find an incredible place to spend your time. In Edinburgh, you can head to Arthur’s Seat, go down to St. Margaret’s Loch or, if you want to feel like you’ve stepped outside the city without actually leaving it, try a hike through the hilly Pentlands. Scotland’s many hills, peaks, and hiking trails make it easy to stay in shape.

Food

Scotland is the land of deep-fried food. Delicious, unhealthy and my personal favourite, the pizza supper is a deep-fried individual cheese pizza served with a side of chips. I always put my chips on top of the pizza, thinking that’s what the locals did. But no, turns out I was weird for doing it!

My other Scottish foodie favourite is chips and cheese — deep-fried chips covered in mounds of melted cheese. Magnificent! You can also get deep-fried cheeseburgers, sausages, haggis, and even deep-fried Mars Bars!

Moving away from the unhealthy world of fish and chip shops, Scotland actually has a fantastic selection of vegetarian and vegan food, both in takeaway restaurants and grocery stores. There’s a dairy-free brand of yogurt (among other dairy-free foods) called Alpro. I absolutely loved it! We don’t have it in Canada and I miss it dearly.

Scotland is home to the infamous haggis — ground up sheep’s heart, liver and lungs stuffed inside a sheep’s stomach. Other ingredients in this one-of-a-kind dish include onion, oatmeal, suet, and spices. Scottish people do eat haggis and have it at least once a year on Burns Night, a celebration honoring Robbie Burns. It’s also readily available throughout the year in restaurants. I once tried a vegetarian version of haggis, neeps, and tatties (haggis with turnips and potatoes) and I was not a fan. But haggis is a big part of Scottish cuisine so you should give it a try — vegetarian style or not.

One final Scottish delicacy I need to mention is Irn Bru. Drinking it is like sipping the joyous tears of every God in existence. It’s a beautiful soda pop/fizzy drink that will rot your teeth while simultaneously filling your heart with happiness. Try it! It’ll be the best thing you’ve ever tried.

Bottles of Irn Bru (Orange fizzy drink) on the shelves of a supermarket
Imagine the music from the Legend of Zelda when Link opens up a treasure chest playing as you approach this shelf.

Is Scotland safe?

Scotland is a very safe country to travel and live in. During the two years I lived there, not once did I ever feel like I was in danger. There are some shady areas in the larger cities that you should avoid, like Niddrie, Wester Hails, MuirHouse and Pilton in Edinburgh.

It’s also wise to be aware of your surroundings when out in public and keep your wallet, mobile phone, etc in a secure place out of reach of potential robbers.

The biggest safety issue in Scotland is dealing with public drunkenness. It’s not totally uncommon for someone who’s had a little bit too much to drink to try and talk to you or yell at you across the street. Mostly, these are very rare and harmless encounters. But if it ever happens to you, I advise you to ignore the person and carry on.

Just use common sense and you will be fine.

If you ever feel like you’re in danger or you feel unsafe during your stay in Scotland, dial the emergency services on 999. (911 will still get you through to the emergency services if you forget the UK number!)

Free Healthcare

Before you move to Scotland, you need to pay a one-time immigration health surcharge when you apply for your temporary work visa. As of 2019, it costs £300. But, unlike some countries (I’m looking at you, America!) after you’ve paid this fee, all the healthcare in Scotland is free.

You can visit doctors any time and all prescriptions are free. I received wonderful treatment, just for having a permanent address in Scotland. This was a fantastic change to what I was used to in Canada, where prescriptions are insanely expensive if you don’t have benefits through work.

Free Eye Care

In the same way that visiting a general practitioner is free, a visit to the eye doctor is also free! The eyewear in Scotland is also incredibly cheap. I never purchased glasses when I was there, but I did buy high-quality contact lenses for a very low price. One of the only downfalls of living in Scotland as a glasses-wearer is the constant rain. Contacts were a must!

Zero Bank Fees

Coming from Canada, the land of fees, I was amazed that bank accounts were free in Scotland. Even using cash machines from other banks was free. There is the odd machine that charges you to make a withdrawal. But you’ll always be told the fee and given the option to cancel the transaction before you’re charged.

Great Mobile Phone Plans

In Scotland, mobile phone plans are phenomenal. Unlimited data plans and unlimited texting actually mean unlimited — unlike in Canada. Phone plans are affordable, unlimited and many companies offer additional perks, like free mobile phones and deals that include a free weekly movie and a meal out.

Public Transport

Public transport in big cities is great. There are several buses and trams that run within minutes of each other throughout Edinburgh and Glasgow. If you don’t live in a big city, you’ll still have access to regular buses and trains that will quickly and cheaply transport you all over the country. It’s incredibly easy to get around in Scotland without ever having to buy a car.

Fully Furnished Flats

When moving to a new country as a temporary worker, you don’t want to live in an empty apartment. But you don’t want to spend money on furnishing a place you’ll be staying in for just a few years, either. In Scotland, it was rare to find a non-furnished flat or house up for rent. Having easy access to fully furnished flats makes living in a country temporarily much easier. Most flats come with everything you need — dishes, beds, couches and all the rest.

University

Scotland treats its students very well and provides them with free tuition. It doesn’t matter if you weren’t born in Scotland. As long as you’ve been living there for at least three years, you’re eligible for free university tuition. The universities in Scotland are renowned worldwide for being incredible. People from all over the world travel to Scotland to attend classes at the University of Edinburgh.

Tons of Places to Live

Large cities like Edinburgh and Glasgow have a huge number of flat shares available. If you don’t mind living with strangers (who will usually become your best friends) then you’ll find it super-easy to get a place to live. Sites like Gumtree are great when it comes to finding the perfect place. You could end up living with Scots or other foreigners like yourself, depending on who you connect with during your search.

History! Everywhere!

Boasting thousands of years of captivating history, Scotland is also home to some of the oldest places in the world. From exploring Edinburgh Castle on the Royal Mile to stepping below the city streets to discover the once plague-infested Mary King’s Close, Scotland is bursting with fascinating sites. Scots are tremendously proud of their history, so be prepared to get an earful when you make friends with some locals. Thanks to my patriotic friends, I learned so much about Scotland during the time I lived there.

Related Post: The Ultimate List of Spooky, Haunted and Scary Edinburgh Attractions

Fringe Festival

If you love live theatre and festivals, you’ve got to check out Edinburgh’s Fringe Festival — the largest arts festival in the world. As well as the Edinburgh Tattoo, for which tickets often sell out 6-12 months in advance, the Fringe Festival brings the city to life with street buskers, theatrical plays and hilarious comedians. Be warned that the city becomes insanely busy with tourists during the Fringe Festival. So give yourself extra time to get to work if you have to pass through the city centre or the Royal Mile to get there.

Leaving Scotland

A pro for living in Scotland is leaving Scotland? Yes! The rest of Europe is right on your doorstep.

Living in Scotland: Con

Black and White Photo of a rainy street in Glasgow. Rubbish Bin on the right side of the photo with several people walking on the pavement carrying umbrellas.

Weather

As a rain lover, I had a hard time putting weather on the cons list. But after 18 months, I grew tired of the Scottish weather, which generally consists of rain, cold, wind, and dampness. Because Scotland’s surrounded by water, the humidity is always high, making the already cold days extra cold. There are a few days a year when the weather is so warm Scots all around exclaim that it’s “taps off” weather! Grab a drink and join the other shirtless Scots enjoying the short-lived but much-appreciated super-hot sunny days.

Culture Shock

Depending on where you’re coming from, you may have to deal with the dreaded culture shock. From being unable to understand the Scottish accent (don’t worry, you’ll get so used to it you won’t even notice people have accents eventually) to being unable to figure out where to buy certain items of clothing or struggling to figure out how to do laundry, Scotland’s culture can be tricky to come to terms with.

Related Post: Getting Over Homesickness and Loneliness While Living Abroad

Taxes

Scotland has a few unexpected taxes. How much you pay depends on where you live, what type of accommodation you live in and whether or not you have a TV. These taxes pay for local services, such as garbage collection, schools, and general city maintenance making them necessary and important. (but we can still complain!)

There are several different council tax bands, from Band A (the cheapest) to Band H (the most expensive) which dictate how much you need to pay. These charges are separate from your rent payments, so be sure to find out which council tax band your future flat is in before you sign anything to avoid unwanted (and expensive!) surprises down the line.

To quote my friend Chris, “I introduce you to council tax, which is taking your hard earned money and setting it on fire!

Another additional tax is TV tax! Because the BBC wants to remain ad-free, each household must pay a monthly TV tax. The only way to get out of paying is to not own a TV. Does anyone really watch TV anymore?

Washing and Drying Clothes

In most countries, hanging your clothes out on a line to dry is standard. But if you’re moving to Scotland from North America, you’ll have to adjust and learn how to do your laundry without the joys of a dryer (or a tumble dryer, as they say in the UK).

Even if you get your hands on a beloved tumble dryer, they are terrible in Scotland! Usually, the machines are one washer-dryer combo, with a definite quality compromise on the dryer side. It’s almost like they just move the laundry around in a circle for ten hours until it’s just sort of damp and you just give up on waiting for warm, dry laundry that you doubt will ever come.

Plus, Scotland is the land of rain. So be prepared to dash outside often to pull your clothes off the line and dry them inside on a clothes drying horse instead! That is the exact dryer horse I purchased and passed along to my friends when I moved. Who, in turn, passed it along to their friends. I wonder where my dryer horse is now.

No Screens on Windows

I’m not sure why people in Scotland don’t put screens on their windows. If I didn’t have a screen on my window in Canada, I’d be constantly plagued by spiders and other bugs in my bedroom because there wouldn’t be a barrier between the inside and the outside world. If you love having fresh air flow into your bedroom, be prepared to share your space with spiders.

Should you move to Scotland?

Whether you’re planning on living in Scotland for a year or moving there permanently, you’re making the right choice! It’s a beautiful country full of jaw-dropping landscapes, oodles of history, amazing (if unhealthy!) food, great opportunities, and amazing people. However long you live there, Scotland will change you for the better and you’ll turn into a proud Scot — even if you have no Scottish ancestry at all.

Planning on moving to Scotland? Feel free to ask me any questions in the comments or send me an email. I’ll help you out the best I can from my past experiences!

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Comments 20

  1. Wonderful post, Crystal! I’d so love to move to Scotland, and this most only makes me want to more!! I didn’t know about the dryers – I’ve never used one when I’ve been over there! Bizarre! xx

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      They are terrible! When I was living there I would take my clothes to the laundrette/laundry mat as a treat. That is how much I love warm dryer clothes haha.

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      I am so glad you did! I clearly love it and need to spread the word. I can buy it here at a few of those British stores but they are so expensive!

  2. Wow this is such an insightful post on whether to live in Scotland or not. 🙂 I’d definitely like to live there for sometime and explore it bit by bit. As you mentioned, the landscapes are beautiful…I mean it would be so good to take stunning pictures every day! Is it safe for women?

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      Yes! I never once felt unsafe there. Even walking in the middle of the night down the busy areas! It does have its “rough” areas that I generally avoided. In the two years I lived there I had 2-3 unwanted interactions with random men in the street. One of which I yelled back at – all he said was “hey ladies!” so it wasn’t that intrusive! I mean, just like any large city Edinburgh and Glasgow do have their share of crimes but definitely one of the safest countries I’ve been in!

  3. Love the Irn Bru description. I can confirm it is correct.

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  4. We actually almost moved to Scotland rather than doing full time travel. Sometimes I still wish we had. But now that my UK visa has expired and we don’t meet the requirements to renew it, it’s easier to move within the EU than back to the UK (so long as Brexit continues not to happen, that is).

    Council tax is the freaking worst. Also, what is up with tv licenses? Literally the only country in the world that I’ve encountered this is the UK. Not that we had a TV, so it’s a moot point. But still. I have to say, though, I’m envious of the free eye care! We don’t have free eye care in England. You have to pay to have a check up (even when you KNOW your eyesight is the same as it’s been for 10+ years) and they make you get them rechecked every 6-12 months, depending on how problematic they consider your eyes to be (mine are a shit show).

    BTW: Did you now Scotland is the only country in the world where Coca-cola isn’t the top selling soft drink? Nope, it’s Irn Bru, baby!

    Oh, and I love Alpro’s dark chocolate pudding. It’s literally the only pudding I can get in the UK because the heathens don’t eat it, despite the fact that the rest of Europe does (Alpro is Belgian, so you know the chocolate is delicious!) Also, that sentence was probably VERY confusing for a British person who doesn’t know what pudding is and thinks I’m referring to pudding as a word for dessert and thinks I’m a moron.

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      Hahahaha your comment made me laugh out loud. I wonder what they call pudding. Do they say “I am having pudding for pudding” which just sounds strange. Ask Jeremy. The chocolate pudding is magnificent! The Belgians really know what they are doing when it comes to delicious chocolate.

      Do they have council tax in England? I believe you have to pay for your water (Scotland it’s “free” meaning its included with your council tax) and I think you have to pay for university in England as well. I could be totally wrong though.

      Agreed with the TV license being stupid! Every other channel has adverts and no one really cares so the BBC should join in the advert train. It would probably annoy fewer people.

      1. They just don’t have a word for it because they don’t eat it. I don’t know what the people who eat the Alpro pudding think it’s called… gooey chocolatey substance? Jeremy’s answer is: “A chocolatey desert of some kind that isn’t mousse. Or yoghurt?”

        See, literally no clue.

        Council tax is a UK thing, so yeah, sadly we have it. And it’s hella expensive. I honestly don’t know how people in major cities afford it. And yes, we do pay for our water separate from council tax. And uni. Basically England is a shit version of Scotland.

        Unless, of course, any immigration officers are reading this, in which case, it’s the best country in the world and I’ve NEVER said otherwise.

        If people could have ads rather than TV licenses, they’d probably throw a parade. No one likes them. Everyone breaks the law, anyway. Plus, who doesn’t just pay for at least one streaming service nowadays?!

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          I just asked Chris by sending him a picture of chocolate pudding. He said “it’s probably what Americans refer to as chocolate pudding. I don’t know if that’s even a thing here” – Madness! Either way, all of Alpro’s products are divine. Haha I mean England has to have some nice things, right? I mean thatched houses are cool. Uh… other things, too. Yeah – a lot of my friends back in Scotland wouldn’t pay the TV tax either. I remember in my first flat one of my flatmates said “if they ever come here to check, we will just unplug the TV and tell them we don’t use it.” hahaha. It was never an issue though – no one ever came to confirm we didn’t have a TV.

  5. Hahaha made me laugh about the Irn Bru rotting your teeth but making your heart happy.
    And whats up with the dryers and the tv tax.

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      I know right! Surely there must be some good quality dryers somewhere in the country… right?

  6. Also, the no screens on the windows would be hard, I wonder if they get a lot of birds flying in.
    It still sounds like an awesome place to visit though.

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      I know – besides bugs the neighbourhood cat jumped into my bedroom one day. I mean I adored those cats but I was still shocked, haha!

  7. A fun read Crystal and while I’m really enjoying Scotland right now I’m not a fan of the weather even in summer it’s too cold and windy 😁 the people are amazing and the accent I’m in love with 🤩

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      Thanks, Zarina! So glad you made it to Scotland! I can’t wait to see all of your pictures. That is the best thing about Scotland – it’s nice cold weather, hahaha.

  8. I had no idea that Scotland was known for deep-fried food?! That’s wild. I guess that I really have to go one day to taste it all. That will be bad for my Celiac hubs, but delicious for me. Pizza and deep-fried just seems so interesting (yummm)….but not as interesting as you putting chips on your pizza. Hmmm…. Then again, I like to dip my potato chips in mustard. Many love them in their sandwiches too.

    We definitely couldn’t live in a house without screens with our pets. I guess the windows would have to stay shut. Even in America with screens, we have special pet ones as extra protection to keep the babies safe inside. My mom had cats that would fall out the crappy thin window screens.

    No dryer would be hard too. I didn’t have one in Indonesia, and there were no wash machines where I was either. Everything was washed by hand. I hired help (don’t judge me too badly–my school actually really wanted me to hire someone they recommended because it helped employ locals looking for work at fair wages), but also trying to dry clothes in a wet, humid place was hard!

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      Ah yes, your husband will just have to live vicariously through you as you make you way through all of the deep-fried foods. They are amazing! They had this (apparently not great, but I haven’t had it so who knows?) deep-fried cheeseburger. Try it and tell me what you think! My favourite thing is definitely the chips and cheese, but I do love an occasional deep-fried pizza! My friends really seemed to love deep-fried sausages. I think you can even get deep-fried black pudding! I am one of those lovers of potato chips in sandwiches. Adds the perfect crunch.

      Some of the screens in Canada are pretty cheap quality too, the cats just aren’t allowed to sit on the window sills for the same reason. You are wise to have purchased better quality ones!

      I can’t even imagine hand washing clothes all the time. I am so spoiled with my washer and dryer. When I travel I have to sometimes wash clothes in the sink at the hotel and it’s not my thing. I agree with your school’s idea of you hiring someone to help with such tasks as it does provide work for locals! So how long did it realistically take for clothes to dry in such a humid country?

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